[Read Pdf] ⚖ The Rape of Europa: The Fate of Europe's Treasures in the Third Reich and the Second World War ⚇ Motorrad-100.de

Another rating quandaryLH s research is astounding, her attention to detail unparalleled unfortunately it made my brain go into overload and I couldn t keep track of everything anything I found the post WW2 debates on what to do with everything most interesting It is fascinating to think of art still to be found Bottom line, my rating is to do with my attention span and less to do with the quality of writing. This one has some interesting choices in structure, and reads a little as if Nicholas were suffering from I did all this research, so you re going to read about it syndrome But very, very interesting.All about the passions aroused by art in wartime How to protect How to find by thief or otherwise To whom to return it Also I love the factoid learned here that Hitler was reading a biography of Ghengis Khan during the sack of Warsaw. [Read Pdf] ♧ The Rape of Europa: The Fate of Europe's Treasures in the Third Reich and the Second World War ☪ Winner Of The National Book Critics Circle Award The Cast Of Characters Includes Hitler And Goering, Gertrude Stein And Marc Chagall Not To Mention Works By Artists From Leonardo Da Vinci To Pablo Picasso And The Story Told In This Superbly Researched And Suspenseful Book Is That Of The Third Reich S War On European Culture And The Allies Desperate Effort To Preserve It From The Nazi Purges Of Degenerate Art And Goering S Shopping Sprees In Occupied Paris To The Perilous Journey Of The Mona Lisa From Paris And The Painstaking Reclamation Of The Priceless Treasures Of Liberated Italy, The Rape Of Europa Is A Sweeping Narrative Of Greed, Philistinism, And Heroism That Combines Superlative Scholarship With A Compelling Drama Nicholas Knows The Art World As Well As Any Military Historian Knows His Battlefield Her Work Deserves The Widest Reading New York Times Book Review From The Trade Paperback Edition It seems like a lot of readers found this unattractively dense and fact packed, but I thoroughly enjoyed it as much as one can enjoy a book largely about the looting of art treasures from Jews and other war victims Nicholas meticulously researched her subject for years, combing through institutional archives and privately held papers and interviewing various surviving owners of the looted collections It s a fascinating story, full of villains and heroes, one that hasn t ended yet there are still some masterpieces which have never been found. i almost forgot that historical non fiction can be a total tear jerker i got a little misty eyed here and there when the author accounted for both allied and axis measures to protect art during the cultural holocaust of the 2nd ww emotions aside, i admire how well researched this book is, so hats off to lynn nicholas if you have any interest or inclination toward this subject era, its a good way to learn about the 2nd ww esp if you prefer an art history cultural approach to the subject this history takes the reader away from the war fronts, instead depicting the secondary battlefield of the arts, which nevertheless played a critical role in the battle strategies of the nazis in their attempt to reform european culture. World War II was, for a few, a historic opportunity to loot and pillage And the theft of artwork, along with other forms of national treasure, was perfected and institutionalized on the grandest scale by the Nazis Hitler was of course involved, but Goering was considerably preoccupied He stole, traded, and hoarded an enormous quantity of valuables paintings, sculptures, tapestries, precious metals, gems, ceremonial objects, rare books, furniture, you name it to fill his cavernous estate at Carinhall.I m not an art devotee, but many episodes in this book were absolutely maddening Here s the pattern in country after country Germany invades, the Nazis pick over every public and private art collection they can find, packing off the best to the Reich first choice goes to Hitler for his Linz museum, second choice to Goering, and so on And then the remaining degenerate artwork is used for barter or burned Nearly as frustrating priceless artwork used as tabletops, left to disintegrate in wet caverns, hacked apart by infantrymen bent on revenge.The recovery effort was considerably intricate than the thefts, and all of this is covered in rich detail by Nicholas At points, not being familiar with many of the works discussed, I longed for a visual reference I haven t seen the PBS documentary based on The Rape of Europa, but for visuals, it might be a good complement to the book Even without the tour guide, though, it was a very enjoyable read. A stunning piece of research. Although it does often read like a laundry list of people, events, and places in art world of war torn Europe during the late 30 s and 40 s, I will say I was in awe of Nicholas s research into this often ignored area of WWII history His ability to explain human motivation and exploitation of artistic works of art in extreme minutiae is second to none The description of the great mass of refuges from Belgium and the Netherlands who descended into France before the latter s fall along with massive truckloads of their artistic patrimony stands as one the most unforgettable images that I will take away from this detailed expose The Nazis as usual and Himmler and Goering, in particular walk away as a despicable coterie of power control freaks and manipulators If they weren t bombing the hell out of Europe east and west, not to mention exterminating whole populations of ethnic, religious, and sexual minorities not to mention anyone with a mental handicap the Nazis were looting Europe of its masterpieces like kids at a candy store Luckily for us today, just enough people throughout Europe had the prescience to inventory and hide away as much artwork as they could before the coming barbarian hordes of the Third Reich Of course, it remains to be said that some works have been lost, forgotten, or even destroyed Let s just hope history doesn t try and repeat itself. I finished reading this book almost exactly a year ago And in the year that has since passed, I have attempted to wrap my head around everything meticulously laid out in the 450 pages of tiny black print that make up this book I find that I grapple with the knowledge I gained here often than I could have possibly imagined You know how people use solar eclipses to glance directly at the sun Well, I have found that it is through this book that I have started to honestly fathom the horrific nature of the Second World War, in all of its crippling, incomprehensible intensity It has become, quite simply, the loophole upon which I can relate to things I previously only knew but had never actually felt The Louvre, post evacuation Confiscated Jewish art and property in ParisConsidering the sprawling nature of the subject matter Hitler and Goering s insatiable art collecting addiction, the stunning evacuations of the Louvre and the Hermitage collections, the legal seizure of Jewish art collections and property, the marginalization of degenerate modern art and artists, the meticulous destruction of the cultural heritages of Poland and other Slavic countries, the Nazi occupation and plunder of Italy, the tireless work of the American Monument Men, etc, etc Lynn H Nicholas does an admirable job with her cobwebby material that constantly threatens to spin in countless directions, organizing it into dense but generally cohesive chapters And along the way, she packs in shocking anecdotes that could inspire countless novels and films of their own the boot print left on Da Vinci s Lady with an Ermine after German soldiers found its hiding spot and unaware of the priceless art, ransacked the accompanying gold objects, two British reporters entering an occupied castle to interview some soldiers and coming face to face with Botticelli s gigantic Primavera, American soldiers discovering Hitler s personal art collection in a rural salt mine, and then staring at the Ghent Altarpiece and the Bruges Madonna by Michelangelo in the darkness a full quarter of a mile underground What remained of the frescos at the Campo Santo Original Tchaikovsky manuscripts tossed into the snow Hitler, Herr Art Collector in Chief himselfBut than anything, it s the stories of people that shine through As just a single example and one I found most moving the description of the group of people who lived in the basement of the Hermitage during the Siege of Leningrad, in conditions so cold that frozen corpses could be stored unattended for months, subsisting on jellied soup made of carpenter s glue And then I nearly cried over the accompanying page describing the group of starving not so young women working every day in the building itself, chipping away with crowbars at the ice building up on the walls and floors after the windows had been shattered by bombs and gunfire I honestly had to start confronting the big questions how valuable is art Is it ever worth than human life And what is it about it that inspired countless people to accomplish reality defying feats to try and preserve it for future generations The images included above are from the really excellent documentary adapted from this book that was released in 2006, and I can totally see the temptation in skipping this labyrinthine book in favor of a concise two hour film But inevitably, the film only skates on the surface of most issues, and doesn t even mention many others, including some of what I thought were the most moving parts of the book But it does has its own set of advantages, namely the sheer impact of visual confirmation of the information Needless to say, it s an excellent supplement to Nicholas s massive tome, if not really an adequate replacement Just after finishing this book, I read an amazing collection of poetry called In Praise of the Unfinished Selected Poems by Julia Hartwig, a previously untranslated Polish poet who also tapped into something deeply emotional that I never really quite came to grips with either which is why I never reviewed it here on GR One reoccurring theme throughout the collection is regarding art itself in all of its multifaceted forms And these few lines, I thought, got closest to articulating the inexpressible thoughts and feelings this book evoked for me, its precise eloquence doing justice to this topic than I ever could, so I ll just end this rambling review with itArt casts a spell summoning lifeso it can continuebut its space extends to the invisibleIt is also an intelligence reconcilingdiscordant elements with similaritiesIt is bravebecause it seeks immortalityby being just like everything else mortalJulia Hartwig, It is Also This Indeed. I have read Rescuing Da Vinci and also seen the DVD The Rape of Europa , so I am now reading the original book that was the catalyst for the book and DVD Lynn Nicholas is interviewed in the DVD and I decided to read her book and learn after reading the book Having read Rescuing Da Vinci and having watched the DVD The Rape of Europa , I thought I would read the book that started it all Lynn Nicholas, who is interviewed extensively on the DVD, wrote this book to document the stunning history around the purchase acquisition theft of Europe s treasured works of art during WWII by the Nazis The book is dense, thick with details, heavy with names of dozens if not hundreds of art dealers and collectors along with museum curators from every nation in Europe In some places, it is overwhelming in the detail and thoroughness The path of art acquisition by Nazis in Holland, France, Austria, Italy is followed from the early years of Hitler s rise to power in Germany in the 1930 s on into the early 1950 s Knowing what will happen, the book then begins to read like an adventure novel Will the Monuments Men be organized in time to save SOME of the art objects You know that they do, but the harrowing stories of rescue of treasures from barns, cow sheds, abandoned railway cars and , simply emphasizes the hard work carried out by the men who were there.What struck me in reading this book was that none of the Monuments men involved knew that they would be successful They merely did the hard work of locating, listing, securing, packing, and preserving the art objects they worked hard to find and preserve They fought for the art to be returned to original owners, from the countries where it had been stolen from This flew in the face of many military opinions that thought the art objects obtained should go to the victor So while the process of stealing the art seemed like a well oiled machine, the saving and restoration of these art objects seemed so difficult and full of conflict It made me think of the section from The Two Towers , when Frodo and Sam are discussing old tales and songs chapter The Stairs of Cirith Ungol Sam tells Frodo, The brave things in the old tales and songs, Mr Frodo adventures, as I used to call them I used to think that they were things the wonderful folk of the stories went out and looked for, because they wanted them, because they were exciting and life was a bit dull, a kind of a sport, as you might way But that s not the way it is with the tales that really mattered, or the ones that stay in the mind Folk seem to have been just landed in them, usually their paths were laid that way, as you put it But I expect they had lots of chances, like us, of turning back, only they didn t And if they had, we shouldn t know, because they d have been forgotten We hear about those as just went on and not all to a good end, mind you at least not to what folk inside a story and not outside it call a good end You know, coming home, and finding things all right, though not quite the same like old Mr Bilbo But those aren t always the best tales to hear, though they may be the best tales to get landed in I wonder what sot of tale we ve fallen into The Monuments Men fell into a story that mattered, and they went on even when they had the chance to turn back What an example for us all, to do the hard work in front of us because it is the right thing to do.